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5+ General Types Of Waterproofing Materials

types of waterproofing materials

Types of Waterproofing Materials : If you follow our blog, you must be a waterproofing materials fan, right? Guys, you should know What is waterproofing and how waterproofing materials can change your life. But let me tell you that every waterproof materials are not for every use. User should know what type of waterproofing he/she is using and how to use them.

Since Waterproofing is a vital step in construction works. It improves durability. If applied correctly, waterproofing materials will ensure comfort of your home. So, you need to know what types of waterproofing is ideal for your work. Let’s find it our below.

Under the specific condition, waterproofing materials can resist water. Some most common types of waterproofing include polyurethane, PVC waterproofing, Cementitious waterproofing, thermoplastic waterproofing, Rubberized asphalt, etc.

So, first of let me tell you some crucial points to consider before going deep into the topic. How to do waterproofing in village or, city. Let’s know.

Waterproofing in Village Areas

Rural areas are limited when comes to construction styles and using various waterproof materials. Locally available construction materials make it difficult to work to remove wear of structure. If any problem occurs, labours have to address them from the very beginning. As there are less polluted air and atmosphere in rural areas, some basic waterproofing methods also can be used there.

Waterproofing in Cities

Cities / urban areas need advanced materials and construction design. In urban areas, there are more polluted air, more climate change, more use of greenhouse gas. These factors affect the waterproofing process. As there advanced materials are used, it is much more easier for the workmanship. If any problem occurs, they need not to address all from the scratch.

waterproofing materials

Advantages of Waterproofing

There are many benefits of waterproofing, but at first we have to address the main problem of what we actually need a waterproof? A building structure’s durable power is dependent on moisture, water, rain, sunlight etc. If the structure is not properly waterproofed, it may deteriorate. Building needs to be insulated against water in some cases, such as

  • Fire hazards unexpectedly
  • heavy storm
  • Earthquake
  • Natural factors
  • Non-natural factors

Types Of Waterproofing Materials

What is the ideal waterproofing materials for terrace, or for roof? You have to look deep into the below headings to have a better knowledge about this.

#1 Polyurethane Membrane Method

This is one of the most used method worldwide. When the surface of the structure is open to atmosphere, then Polyurethane method is used. This is mainly used for flat surface area.

Polyurethane liquid membrane method provides a variety of benefits among which some are unique. This method is a bit expensive than others. It provides high flexibility.

This can have a major effect. What’s more, this waterproofing material will fill every single narrow cracks. It can diminish the concrete’s water receptiveness. Something else to note is that this material will solidify building concrete’s highest surface.

Credit: ISOMAT

Polyurethane is very sensitive to water. Therefore, at the time of installing, you have to check it up very closely.

Major benefits:

  • Fully resistant to water. It will not let any crack build up.
  • This material is also vapor permeable.
  • Polyurethane is also resistant to chemical substances and oils.
  • This material will provide a working life span of 25 years (may vary).

#2 Bituminous Membrane Waterproofing

Bituminous method is also known as Asphalt method of waterproofing. Asphalt is a form of petroleum. This is sticky, blackish, and immensely viscous material.

This is one of the widely used method in the world. Specifically, if you are going to waterproof roof, bridges, terrace, basement, or even any under ground structures.

Credit: Primero Philippines

According to a survey, Bituminous membrane method has occupied over 80% of flat roof surface market in some countries.

Application:

  • Flat roofs
  • Below ground structures
  • Basements
  • Bridge decks

You can read about this here in more detail.

#3 Cementitious Waterproofing Method

According to a data of American Society of Home Inspectors, most basements have moisture problems. The percentage is high, more than 65%.

Credit: ArcaneIndustriesUK

Most business buildings use cementitious waterproofing method to resist water from damaging the surface. This method includes two different sides – a positive side and a negative side. Positive side create a great resistant on surface sides. And the negative side protects the side opposite to surface.

Major Benefits:

  • Easy to use because products are mostly available in your nearest masonry store.
  • Very easy to apply and mix properly.
  • Mold resistance.
  • Best for tunnels, basements, bridges.

#4 EPDM Rubber Waterproofing

EPDM waterproofing is a synthetic rubber membrane method. It is a ‘single-ply’ membrane. EPDM can be used for basement, terrace, toilet blocks etc. waterproofing.

This is a synthetic mixture which is consisted of ethylene, and propylene. For some experts, EPDM for roof waterproofing is best than the others. The synthetic rubber is used to seal even woods, and windows cracks. This is why EPDM method also used by vehicles owner.

Credit: Rubber4Roofs

The price varies upon the thickness you need. It is available in various thicknesses (45-60 mils).

Major Benefits:

  • resistant to pollution.
  • Also a UV resistant.
  • Easy installation as no gas required and it is flame/heat free.
  • Temperature resistant.

#5 PVC Waterproofing Method

PVC (Polyvinylchloride) is a high quality flexible material for roofing. Depending upon where it is going to be used there are reinforced and unreinforced layers. Reinforced waterproofing layer has a supporting base as polyester lattice or glass fiber and it is utilized for waterproofing of rooftops.

Credit: TexasTV

Supported layer have expanded strength. Unreinforced films are more adaptable, have high tear resisting capacity. They are utilized for waterproofing of underground constructions, burrows, pools.

Major Benefits:

  • High strength.
  • Great elasticity.
  • Pollution resistant.
  • Fully water resistant.
  • Vapor permeable.
  • Better durability.
  • Heat resistant/Fire resistant.

Final thoughts

We have discussed here 5 general and widely used waterproofing techniques and methods. But there are also some others and unknown methods. Besides these 5, liquid membrane waterproofing method, thermoplastic roofing method are also rank well.

So, you must consult with the installation engineer and take your time. As it is a 20-25 years of services, take your decision carefully. Research more about each and specific material and technique. And the find out what suits your home best.

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